This is no fairy story and no joke; the meat would be shovelled into carts, and the man who did the shovelling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one—there were things that went into the sausage in comparison with which a poisoned rat was a tidbit. Sinclair’s “jungle” was unregulated enterprise; his example was the meat-packing industry; his purpose was government regulation. Public Company Sinclair's grotesque descriptions of conditions and procedures in the meatpacking plant led to subsequent reforms in food safety regulation. The working conditions in the meat packing industry were horrendous, starting at the end of the nineteenth century and extending through 1906. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The 1906 Meat Inspection Act and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act were both widely accredited to the revelations made in a book called 'The Jungle' written by the Progressive author Upton Sinclair. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In 1906, socialist Upton Sinclair published The Jungle, a book he hoped would awaken the American people to the deplorable conditions of workers in the meat packing industry. People were being boiled in vats and sent to larders. The novel was intended, by the author, to be a detailed account of the harsh working conditions surrounding manufacturing in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Rat waste was mixed with meat. By early 1906 both the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act had long been stalled in Congress, but, when the Neill-Reynolds report had fully confirmed Sinclair’s charges, Roosevelt used the threat of disclosing its contents to speed along the passage of both acts, which became law on the same day. Omissions? A review of the history of meatpacking is of interest because the mainstream account of meatpacking sanitation at the turn of the century (or, rather, the lack thereof) appears to refute the theory of free market regulation. Vol. In fact, on the same day he signed the Meat Inspection Act, June 30, 1906, Roosevelt also signed the Pure Food and Drug Act, which established the FDA and set the foundation for all food safety regulations today. In 1906, Upton Sinclair came out with his book The Jungle, and it shocked the nation by documenting the horror of the meat-packing industry. The 1906 Meat Inspection Act meant that the preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to federal inspection throughout the whole of the meat making process. Meat packing is the industry involved in slaughtering, processing, packaging, and distributing livestock. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Meat-Inspection-Act, United States History - Meat Inspection Act, U.S. Food and Drug Administration - Federal Meat Inspection Act. In 1906, Congress responded to public outcry and passed the Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA) to regulate the pork and beef industries. #1. The working conditions in the meat packing industry were horrendous, starting at the end of the nineteenth century and extending through 1906. He sent Neill and Reynolds to investigate the Beef Trust’s meatpacking practices. The Jungle is a novel by Upton Sinclair, published serially in 1905 and as a book in 1906. Though conservatives initially opposed the bill, Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle , published in 1906, helped galvanize support for reform. Fax: (402) 241-2068 (Bureau of Labor Statistics) #2. Conditions in Meatpacking Plants (1906, by Upton Sinclair) Government inspectors began grading beef and pork in the 1920s; in 1967 Congress required states to perform the same inspection and grading duties in plants selling within state boundaries. Sadly enough, much of what happened in this novel was absolutely true, and was taken from real experiences. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The explosive growth of American industry in the late nineteenth century caused a similar expansion in the work force. His exposé was a fictionalized account of a Lithuanian family whose American dream was crushed by capitalism. Important Meat Packing Industry Statistics #1. Some of it they would make into "smoked" sausage—but as the smoking took time, and was therefore expensive, they would call upon their chemistry department, and preserve it with borax and color it with gelatine to make it brown. 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