1. As you can see, the Executor has many duties to carry out. Estates vary regarding valuation and complexity. Here are some circumstances that make you a good candidate for handling the estate without a professional at your side. Choosing an executor can be very difficult if you feel you don’t have many choices. If an executor isn’t performing their duties correctly, in the first instance it is sensible to write a letter to the executor stating your concerns and requesting an account of the administration of the estate. The executor of a will is responsible for carrying out a deceased loved one's wishes. Distribute assets. Who should I choose to be an executor? Do I need to make a new Will if one of my executors dies before me? Even if you are married, you need to designate someone to do this. If you don’t have the original will because the executor is holding on to it, you’ll have to arrange for a subpoena to be served telling them to hand it over to you within 8 days. If you were named the executor of your spouse or civil partner’s will, you may need to apply for probate before you can administer their estate. You have no doubt heard of the probate process, and how burdensome it is. Secure the will. Such a person is usually referred to simply as an “administrator”. Do you always need probate or letters of administration. Before you do anything, you need to review any and all paperwork relating to the estate. 4 min read. The person who sorts out your property when you die and carries out the instructions in your will is called your executor. The writer of the last will and testament may decide that the executor should receive a percentage of the estate as compensation for their services. Opening a Probate Estate. 4. If you don’t have a will, then someone still has to be responsible for dealing with your affairs after your death. Being an Executor can take up a considerable amount of time. Not every one of them needs to apply to your situation—but the more that do, the easier time you will have. Before you agree to be executor, you should be certain that you have the time to do the job. When it comes to preferences around funeral arrangements or sentimental possessions, you will also be required to address these issues. If there is more than one Executor, the authority of all the Executors will be needed to release the Will to one of you. An executor or administrator is the individual responsible for administrating your estate once you pass away. I am an executor of a Will. Your will appoints your executor who is recognized as your estate’s legal representative. We’ll go over some of the most important forms here. If you do decide to act as Executor, then you will need to file the original Will with the Court and open a probate estate with the Court. It could be a friend or family member. Also, if your executor of choice happens to live in another state, you'll need to check your state's law to see if it imposes any special requirements. You should give this responsibility to someone knowing that the task will be time-consuming and stressful. You do need to think about this when you choose an Executor for your Will. Just ask anyone who has been a executor in the past and many will tell you it can be very time consuming, emotionally draining, difficult and seem like it never ends. Why do I have to apply for a Grant of Probate? The appointed person, who may be called a personal administrator or estate administrator, may not be the person who you would have wanted to fulfill this role and take care of your assets during the probate process. Here are 10 things that you may not do as an executor.. 1. If you do not choose an executor for your will, the court is going to have to appoint someone to fulfill this role. How many Executors are needed for your will is down to your own personal preference, as one person or up to four can act as Executor at once. Why Do I Need To Name An Executor For My Estate? You can choose whoever you like to do this job (and it can be more than one person) – but it’s an important choice to get right. In its simplest definition, if you own assets, you have an estate. Another option to consider is flat fee compensation. While no legal knowledge is needed to handle a simple will, a probate attorney can be a valuable resource to an executor in handling a will where there are property disputes or tax liabilities. Being named as an executor and administering an estate (the person’s assets) can be very daunting, especially at a time when you are grieving. The Grant of Probate is an important court order to obtain, as it empowers you as an executor to carry out the instructions in the will. You usually need probate or letters of administration to deal with an estate if it includes property such as a flat or a house. What an Executor of an Estate isn’t Responsible for or Cannot Do After a Death. You will likely need an attorney's assistance to accomplish this. Lodge a 'trust tax return' This is only necessary if the estate earns an income from when the person dies the final distribution of the assets. These should cover the basics: funeral arrangements, how the deceased wants the estate managed, and preferences about matters like burial. Here, we’ll cover the main steps you need to follow before you can close accounts and distribute assets to beneficiaries. (As an aside, original Wills are required to be filed with the Court upon a person’s passing. It is important that, when choosing your Executor, you have a great deal of trust in that person to do the right thing and carry out your wishes because it is a complex and demanding role. If probate is required, you need to file a petition with the court to be appointed an executor. What do you need to do now that you’re being called into action? What should you do if an executor isn’t performing their duties correctly? Purposefully “secreting” a will is a crime). This will likely be your spouse, your adult children, or your closest relative. There are a few different ways you can approach the payment of an executor. If you also have debts and/or a will, you may need someone to settle your estate when you die. You only need to do this if the deceased person was earning an income above the tax-free threshold before they passed away. Whether it’s because of a small family, or fear of causing stress in a loved one’s life, there are many reasons why so many folks feel they don’t have anyone to name as their executor.. You Don’t Have Immediate Family. When You Can Probate an Estate Without a Lawyer. An Executor is the person legally responsible for carrying out your wishes in accordance with your will after you die. When you make a will, you need to choose your executor(s). You need to tell the executor that you will be applying to court to ask if someone else could settle the estate. Additionally, the value of the estate may allow it to pass through an expedited process. In summary, you do not have to serve as executor and even if you feel obligated to accept the executorship, qualifying may not be necessary or even advisable under the circumstances. If you have a will, the person in charge will be called the executor. Duties of an Executor. By naming an Executor, you can control who will be responsible for managing your estate and carrying out your wishes when you die. Represent the Estate in Court. Being the executor of someone’s Will is a big responsibility. It’s just as important not to do the things that the law prohibits as it is to fulfill the responsibilities that the law requires as an executor. The first thing you should do when you find out you have been named executor of an estate is to meet with an attorney to get competent advice. When a friend or family member asks you to be an executor of their estate, it's important to remember it's a role that comes with a lot of responsibility — and some risks.. An executor— known as a liquidator in Québec — administers a person's estate after they've passed away, based on wishes outlined in their Will and in accordance with all applicable laws. Assuming the deceased planned ahead, there will also be a specific document cataloging valuables like heirloom necklaces or firearms. What do I do? Some states require an out-of-state executor to be a family member or a beneficiary, some require a bond to protect your heirs in case of mismanagement and some require the appointment of an in-state agent. Is the person that you choose to be an Executor for your Will going to be up to the job? Lodge a citation at court. You can choose who your Executors are by formally naming them in your will. Serving as the executor of a will can be a bigger time commitment than many people might expect. If a solicitor or bank is holding the Will, you will need to show them the death certificate to obtain the Will. Alternatively, they may be paid by the hour. Explain what’s involved and check that they’re willing to act on your behalf. When you serve as the executor of a will, you’ll need to grapple with a lot of paperwork as you coordinate the distribution of assets and property. 6. If you do not choose one before you die, the courts will be in charge of appointing an administrator to execute your wishes, and this person may not be someone you would have wanted to act in this role. Being an executor can involve a lot of work and responsibility, so think carefully about who you choose. It is possible to have only one executor but in nearly all cases you will need to have at least two trustees. If you don’t have a will, the court will appoint an administrator. LawDepot on April 27, 2020. Many executors are attorneys or accountants who may not know the deceased very well. Not only do you need to oversee the transfer of assets to the proper beneficiaries, but you also need to pay debts, close accounts and wrap up other miscellaneous affairs for the deceased.. The Deceased’s Estate Work out how much the estate is worth If you die without a proper Will or don't name someone to be the Executor of your estate, the court will determine who should be your "personal representative." They must of course be trustworthy, but they also need to be very strong with paperwork and filing out government forms. Act as the executor before the testator dies. If you are the executor you will need to ascertain information on the assets and liabilities of the estate, obtain taxation advice, financial advice and you will need the addresses and contact details of all beneficiaries. As an executor, you also need to apply to the court for a Grant of Probate, to be legally recognised as the executor of the deceased’s estate. It’s important to name an executor because they will be the person in charge of taking care of your estate. In this blog, we discuss the steps you should take to properly execute a Will, including filing with your state’s probate court, paying off the decedent’s debts, and distributing assets to beneficiaries. We highly recommended that you work with a licensed accountant for this step. So what does an executor do? There can be some misunderstanding and a bit of confusion about what happens if one of the executors to your Will dies before you, so here we will clear that uncertainty up and explain the effect the death of an executor has on the validity of a Will. You will need the original Will, even if you do not apply for a Grant of Probate. The duties of an executor change depending on the size and complexity of the estate and the relationships, diversity and number of beneficiaries. Rest assured that whatever step of the probate process you’re working through, there’s likely a form for it. 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