But today many leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered. [51] In Manchuria and Siberia, they mate during January and February. [77] The oldest known leopard fossils excavated in Europe are about 600,000 years old and were found in the Grotte du Vallonnet in France and near Mauer in Germany. In Laos, leopards were recorded in Nam Et-Phou Louey National Biodiversity Conservation Area and Nam Kan National Protected Area. From Middle English leopard, leopart, lepard, leperd, from Old French leopard (“leopard”), from Late Latin leopardus (“leopon, lipard”) from late Ancient Greek λεόπαρδος (leópardos, “leopon, lipard”), from λέων (léōn, “lion”) + πάρδος (párdos, “pard, male leopard”), from earlier πάρδαλις (párdalis, “leopard”), probabl… It stalks its prey, creeps to within a few metres, then leaps or dashes at the victim, which is dispatched by a bite in the back of the neck or smothered by a throat bite. [153], Leopards have been known to humans throughout history, and have featured in the art, mythology, and folklore of many countries where they have historically occurred. There are nine official subspecies of leopards, as well as several proposed sub-species. any of various related cats resembling this animal. It can run at speeds of up to 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph). Snow leopards are perfectly adapted to the cold, barren landscape of their high-altitude home, but human threats have created an uncertain future for the cats. Results for leopard facts translation from English to Afrikaans. 'Panther' is another common name, derived from Latin: panther and Ancient Greek: πάνθηρ (pánthēr); it can additionally refer to the cougar or the jaguar. It can run up to 37 mph, jump up 10 feet, and leap forward over 19 feet. The leopard's rosettes differ from those of the jaguar, which are darker and with smaller spots inside. They prey on antelope, zebras, warthogs, buffalo, wildebeest, wild boar and deer, but they also prey on rodents, hares, fish, birds, snakes, lizards, turtles, monkeys and even jackals. [72], Results of phylogenetic studies based on nDNA and mtDNA analysis showed that the last common ancestor of the Panthera and Neofelis genera is thought to have lived about 6.37 million years ago. [18] The specific name Latin: pardus refers to a male panther. [9] 2. Leopards are larger than a house cat, but leopards are the smallest members of the large cat category. Weerasinghe, U.M.I.R.K., Kariyawasm, D. and M. De Zoysa (2003). It has been hypothesized that the white tips of their tails may function as a 'follow-me' signal in intraspecific communication. Prey species in this weight range tend to occur in dense habitat and to form small herds. Toggle text. the fur or pelt of this animal. [68][69] Leopards live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas. [15] The word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a cheetah. Facts about Leopard: 16-15 Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uncia uncia This page was last changed on 14 December 2020, at 15:17. Unfortunately, due to the … They climb trees well, and do so regularly. [85] leopard phrase. Contextual translation of "leopard facts" into English. [46], Leopards exhibiting erythrism were recorded between 1990 and 2015 in South Africa's Madikwe Game Reserve and in Mpumalanga. In 1917, Reginald Innes Pocock also subordinated the tiger (P. tigris), lion (P. leo), and jaguar (P. onca) to Panthera. It is also very comfortable climbing trees. [38][39], Melanistic leopards are also called black panthers. These skills make it a great hunter. The word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a cheetah. It is basically an ambush hunter. In southern China, leopards were recorded only in the Qinling Mountains during surveys in 11 nature reserves between 2002 and 2009. Most often leopards will secretly move towards their prey and attack it when they are close, or hide and wait for it to come close. As a born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge. [27], The whitish spots on the back of its ears are thought to play a role in communication. Leopards hunt at different times, and they also use different methods for hunting. Of the 445 photographs of melanistic leopards, 410 were taken in study sites south of the Kra Isthmus, where the non-melanistic morph was never photographed. Trees are its main escape from attacks by lions or packs … The amur leopard does too because it lives in snowy, chilly parts of Russia and China. [106], In Kruger National Park, most leopards tend to keep 1 km (1⁄2 mi) apart. Description . 3. [149] The oldest recorded male leopard was Cezar, who reached the age of 23. Leopards are versatile, opportunistic hunters, and have a very wide diet. He also lived at the Warsaw Zoo and was Bertie's lifelong companion. Leopards (Panthera pardus) are one of five species of the big cat genus Panthera, a group that also includes tigers, lions, and jaguars. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because the global population is estimated to number less than 10,000 mature individuals and is expected to decline about 10% by 2040. Originally thought to be a hybrid of the Lion and the Jaguar, the Leopard has been the subject of much genetic confusion and wasn’t really distinguished properly until just over 100 years ago. [152] [142], Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. Animal. These black leopards are often mistaken for panthers. Leopards are carnivores. Leopards don’t usually roar as much as lions do, but they are also found to purr. [136] Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. Some of these species steal its kills, kill its cubs and even kill adult leopards. [34] To compare, male lions measure 266–311 cm (8 ft 8 1⁄2 in–10 ft 2 1⁄2 in) from head to end of tail. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. [9] [55] Individuals try to drive away intruders of the same sex. Toggle text. These spots are called “rosettes” … However, many of their populations are endangered, especially outside of Africa. A baby is called a cub. The leopards living in the cold … ", "Increasing game prices may alter farmers' behaviours towards leopards (, "Status of the Arabian leopard in Saudi Arabia", "Modelling the habitat requirements of leopard, "Living with Leopards Outside Protected Areas in India", "Notes on the diet and habitat selection of the Sri Lankan Leopard, "First structured camera-trap surveys in Karen State, Myanmar, reveal high diversity of globally threatened mammals", "Effects of human–carnivore conflict on tiger (, "Habitat preferences and activity patterns of the larger mammal community in Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary, Cambodia", "Activity patterns and home ranges of Indochinese leopard, "Identifying priority conservation landscapes and actions for the Critically Endangered Javan leopard in Indonesia: Conserving the last large carnivore in Java Island", "Spots, stripes, tail tips and dark eyes: predicting the function of carnivore colour patterns using the comparative method", "The adaptive significance of coloration in mammals", 10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055[0125:TASOCI]2.0.CO;2, "Hunting behaviour in west African forest leopards", "Spacing and activity patterns of leopards, 10.2981/0909-6396(2005)11[145:SAAPOL]2.0.CO;2, "Leopard predation and primate evolution", "Leopard predation on giraffe calves in the Etosha National Park", "Water-use by southern Kalahari leopards", "Interspecific killing among mammalian carnivores", "Food habits of sloth bear in Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, southern India", "On the ecological separation between tigers and leopards", Blog: Leopard kills cheetah in the Mara and hoists it up a tree, Roxanne, oldest spotted leopard in captivity, dies at Acreage preserve, "Nie ma już lampartów cejlońskich w warszawskim zoo …", "Co w zoo? [9][126] Leopards generally seem to avoid encounters with adult bears, but kill vulnerable bear cubs. [74], Fossils of leopard ancestors were excavated in East Africa and South Asia, dating back to the Pleistocene between 2 and 3.5 million years ago. 1. Species that prefer open areas and developed significant anti-predator strategies are less preferred. Definition of leopard in the Idioms Dictionary. The chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs. It varies greatly in size and markings. A leopard’s whiskers are extremely long. Females typically weigh 46 to 132 pounds (21 to 60 kilograms) and males usually weigh around 80 to 165 lbs. The scientific name for a leopard is Panthera Pardus. It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. [27][32], A study of leopards in the Namibian farmlands showed that the size of territories was not significantly affected by sex, rainfall patterns or season; it concluded that the higher the prey availability in an area, the greater the population density of leopards and the smaller the size of territories, but territories tend to expand if there is human interference (which has been notably high in the study area). [9] The pattern of the rosettes is unique in each individual. [156] The heraldic leopard lacks spots and sports a mane, making it visually almost identical to the heraldic lion, and the two are often used interchangeably. They engaged in poaching large herbivores, sale of bushmeat and trading leopard skins in Am Dafok. There are also often leopards who are completely black, those are also called black panthers. The snow leopard inhabits the mountains of central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, ranging from an elevation of about 1,800 metres (about 6,000 feet) in the winter to about 5,500 metres (18,000 feet) in the summer. Human translations with examples: simone, arikaans, white tiger, facts about a tiger. [3] As of 2020, the leopard population within forested habitats in India's tiger range landscapes was estimated at 12,172 to 13,535 individuals. [123] A study in the southern Kalahari Desert showed that leopards meet their water requirements by the bodily fluids of prey and succulent plants; they drink water every two to three days, and feed infrequently on moisture-rich plants such as gemsbok cucumbers (Acanthosicyos naudinianus), tsamma melon (Citrullus lanatus) and Kalahari sour grass (Schmidtia kalahariensis). Juveniles have woolly fur, and appear to be dark-coloured due to the densely arranged spots. Leopards have the largest distribution in eastern and southern Asia and Africa. [144] Cubs are usually born in a litter of 2–4 cubs. [131][132] Lions occasionally fetch leopard kills from trees. Read on for more interesting information and leopard facts. See also: cannot, change ... dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. It is sometimes called the far eastern leopard.. It is also threatened by trophy hunting and poaching. [31], The leopard is sexually dimorphic, males are larger and heavier than females. [96][97] [147] The oldest recorded spotted leopard was a female named Roxanne living in captivity at McCarthy's Wildlife Sanctuary in The Acreage, Palm Beach County, Florida. In Cambodia, leopards inhabit deciduous dipterocarp forest in Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Mondulkiri Protected Forest. Since 1996, only eight subspecies have been considered valid on the basis of mitochondrial analysis. [90][91], In Myanmar, leopards were recorded for the first time by camera traps in the hill forests of Myanmar's Karen State. [155], The lion passant guardant or leopard is a frequently used charge in heraldry, most commonly appearing in groups of three. But today many leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered. In Thailand, leopards are present in the Western Forest Complex, Kaeng Krachan-Kui Buri, Khlong Saeng-Khao Sok protected area complexes and in Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary bordering Malaysia. Appearance. Leopards are sometimes called panthers. [158], In protected areas of several countries, wildlife touring programs and safari ventures offer sightings of leopards in their natural habitat. Contextual translation of "leopard facts" into English. [30], The largest skull recorded for a black panther from India, recorded in 1920, measured 28 cm (11 in) in basal length, and 20 cm (8 in) in breadth, and weighed 1,000 g (2 lb 4 oz). In Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Jordan, Morocco, Togo, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Kuwait, Syria, Libya, Tunisia and most likely in North Korea, Gambia, Laos, Lesotho, Tajikistan, Vietnam, and Israel, leopard populations have already been extirpated. [42] There are nine subspecies of leopard. A leopard is a member of the Felidae family or the “big cats” family. [52][53], Following Linnaeus' first description, 27 leopard subspecies were proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956. Leopard, (Panthera pardus),, also called panther, large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. Parents’ information Teachers’ resources Newsletter sign up. You might think the obvious identifying feature of the leopard seal is its black-spotted coat. 15. It is known for its spotted coat. Afrikaans. [120] Leopards also kill smaller carnivores like black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox, genet and cheetah. Leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae. In Peninsular Malaysia, leopards are present in Belum-Temengor, Taman Negara and Endau-Rompin National Parks. The leopard-lion clade was distributed in the Asian and African Palearctic since at least the early Pliocene. Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. [17] The phonetically similar Sanskrit: पाण्डर (pând-ara) means pale yellow, whitish or white. [110] Females live with their cubs in territories that overlap extensively, probably due to the association between mothers and their offspring. Leopardos could be a compound of λέων (leōn), meaning lion, and πάρδος (pardos). "Phylogenetics, genome diversity and origin of modern leopard, "The current distribution and status of leopards, "The Leopard in the Arabian Peninsula – Distribution and Subspecies Status", "Description of some new species of Mammalia", "The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment", "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". Than on the Arabian leopard body and without the Central spot characteristics of the cat [ 1 ],. They are nocturnal is closely related to the Pleistocene were also kept and paraded mascots! Back and flanks soft and thick, notably softer on the basis of mitochondrial analysis 3 to 6.2 (...: a leopard ( Panthera pardus, widely distributed in Africa and southern Asia across! Chemical secretions amongst cats indicated that the leopard occurred at least the Early Pliocene in. Leopards also kill smaller carnivores like black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox, genet and.! For their cream and gold spotted fur, and do so regularly ( 1⁄2 mi ).. 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